DXM users exhibit a number of symptoms due to the physical, psychological, and social impacts that the drug has on the addict’s life. DXM is the active ingredient found in many cough syrups. The substance is also known as dextromethorphan, and it has a number of slang names which include robo, Triple C’s, and skittles, among others. Research shows that this drug is commonly abused by teens with 75% of its users between 9 and 17 years old. Emergency rooms report a large number of DXM recreational use incidences.
DXM is synthetically-produced and is classified with codeine and morphine. It is a cough suppressant and reduces cough sensitivity. Dextromethorphan replaced codeine in over-the-counter medications in 1970. It is found in over 140 cough medications, which include Alka-Seltzer, Pediacare, and Tylenol, among others. It can be ingested in a number of ways. The drug can be snorted in its powder form, which is pure DXM. The drug may also be consumed orally, or introduced to the body by injection.
It is recommended that one should take no more than 120 mgs of DXM per day. 100mgs to 200mgs of Dextromethorphan have the effect of mildly stimulating the body. 200 to 400mgs of DMX makes the user experience hallucinations and euphoria. Ingestion of 300 to 600mgs may lead to loss of motor coordination. In other scenarios, the user may have distorted vision. Consumption of 500 to 600mgs brings about the dissociation effect of DXM where the user feels detached from reality. There are a number of symptoms associated with DXM use. For starters, users may experience nausea and gastric disturbances due to bloating.
Another symptom of DXM use is dizziness due to the drug affecting the vestibular sensory input. Thirdly, users may experience a mild allergic reaction known as “Robo itch,” due to the release of histamine in the body. It is responsible for causing excessive sweating, increased heart rate, and increased body temperature. Other symptoms include dilated pupils, swelling of the face, and hypertension. DXM users also experience euphoria, which may last up to six hours, and hallucinations. Notable symptoms of prolonged DXM use include cognitive ability impairment and depression.
In some instances, users develop tolerance and may consume as high as 3600mgs of DXM daily to get high. Another long-term effect of it is physical and psychological dependence. An exceptionally high intake of this drug can be fatal. Symptoms of DXM overdose include loss of muscle coordination, hyperactivity, shallow breathing, and visual distortions. In other instances, the user may experience difficulty in urinating, stroke, permanent brain damage, and cerebral hemorrhage. It is also prudent to note that combining DXM with other drugs (e.g. stimulants, depressants, and antihistamines) can be fatal to the user.