DXM Abuse Withdrawal

DXM is a synthetically-produced substance used in over 140 cough syrups and other cold medications. It was first introduced to the US market in 1960. In 1970, it replaced codeine as the active ingredient in cough syrups because it did not cause constipation, sedation, or analgesic side-effects. Dextromethorphan is found in tablet, gelatin capsules, liquid, and in lozenge forms, among others. When taken in recommended doses, DXM is highly effective and serves to reduce coughs by reducing the sensitivity of the brain’s cough control center. DXM may be ingested in three ways, which include injection, orally, and by snorting.

The increase of DXM abuse cases can be attributed to the fact that it is readily available in the market. Secondly, the use of this drug is not illegal and users can use it without fear, as opposed to other drugs. Although DXM is generally safe, ingestion of high amounts can be fatal. It is prudent to note that many associated deaths are caused by combining this drug with other drugs. DXM should never be combined with antidepressants, antihistamines, or serotonergic drugs, as this can be fatal to the user.

DXM Abuse Withdrawal

DXM has both short and long-term effects that have big physical and psychological impacts on the user. First time users may experience a number of side-effects, including:

  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Constipation

It is prudent to note that most of these side-effects will gradually disappear as the body adapts to the drug. In other instances, the user may experience serious symptoms which warrant urgent medical attention. These symptoms include:

  • Hallucinations
  • Blurred vision
  • Presence of a rash
  • Difficulty in urination

DXM, like many other drugs, is habit-forming. A DXM user may get hooked to the drug in the span of a few months. In other instances, dependency forms in a number of years. DXM users experience five plateaus, ranging from excitement and mild stimulations to hallucinations, distorted visions, and dissociation from one’s body. These effects on the body can last up to six hours, depending on the amount of drug used, the person’s body, and genetic makeup. As it is the case with other drugs, DXM withdrawal has a number of physical and psychological effects on the user.

In the withdrawal period, a DXM user withholds from using the drug for a period of time, bringing about insomnia, muscle aches, abdominal pains, nausea, vomiting, severe headaches, and dysphoria. On the other hand, psychological withdrawal among DXM users is manifested by intense cravings. In other instances, the user may fall into depression. These withdrawal symptoms will subside after some days. It is prudent to note that DXM withdrawal symptoms are mild compared to withdrawal symptoms of other drugs.